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Hair Dyeing That Is Allowed For The Young
Anyone who is younger than Abu Quhafah, [8]it’s not a sin to dye their hair black.[9]In this issue al-Zuhri said : “ We dye our hair black while we still looked young, but when there are wrinkles on the face and our teeth are week, black is not used anymore.”[10]

Contents of Hair Dye

إٍنَّ أَحْسَنَ مَاغَيَّرْتُمْ بِهِ الشَّيْبَ الحِنَّاءُ وَالكَتَمُ 

Meaning : “ The best material used to dye grey hair is henna and katam”. (HR Tarmizi)
Katam is a type of plant that produces colour that is blackish red and found in Yaman.[12]

Commercial Colouring
Any product can be used as long as it is free from unclean(najis) elements and does not prevent water from reaching wuduk body parts or during impurity bath(hadas besar).
According to the Islamic Consumer Association of Malaysia(PPIM), elements of hair dye that can be found in the market is divided into two types. Both are halal in their contents but one is waterproof while the other is not, so one has to make sure of its content before using it.[13]

Hair dye in the market will usually have permanet dye or semi permanent dye written on the box. Based on research, the semi permanent dye does not permeate water and shouldn’t be used by Muslims. Jakim has never issued halal certificate for hair dye product because they are imported products. Jakim only issues halal certificate for products processed in Malaysia only.

Henna Designs
Henna designs are only allowed if the designs are based on plants or leaves. Designs of animals, deities and anything that goes against the teaching of Islam is not allowed.

Nail Colouring
Nail colouring (cutex) is haram because it prevents water from reaching the nails. Using henna is harus if it is to please the husband. The usage of hair dye to colour the hair must meet these three conditions :
1. Able to permeate water so the wuduk and impurity bath(mandi wajib) is sah.
2. Does not contain substances that can harm the skin.
3. Does not contain unclean(najis) contents.

The Hukum On Using Henna for Men And Women::
Dr Yusuf al-Qardhawi said, Imam as-Shafie rahimahullah forbade the usage of henna for men unless it is for medical reason. Using henna to cure the bad nails and grey hair are examples. The usage of henna is synonym to something practised by by women. Islam forbids men to imitate the women whether in dressing or beautification process. Among the arguments is:

أن أبي هريرة رضي الله عته قال: لَعَنَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ الرَّجُلَ يَلْبَسُ لِبْسَةَ الْمَرْأَةِ
وَالْمَرْأَةَ تَلْبَسُ لِبْسَةَ الرَّجُلِ
Meaning : Ibnu Abbas r.anhuma said : “Rasulullah SAW cursed men who dressed like women and women who dressed like men.” (HR Abu Daud)
Imam an-Nawawi in his book al-Majmu’ said men is forbidden(haram) to use henna on their hands and feet except on their hair. But men are encouraged to dye their grey hair and beard using henna based on authenticated(sahih) hadis. Among them are :

عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مَوْهَبٍ قَالَ دَخَلْتُ عَلَى أُمِّ سَلَمَةَ فَأَخْرَجَتْ إِلَيْنَا شَعَرًا مِنْ شَعَرِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ مَخْضُوبًا
Meaning : From Uthman bin Abdullah bin Mauhab he said, “ I’ve met Ummu Salamah and she showed us a few strands of Rasulullah SAW’s hair that has been dyed using henna.” (HR al-Bukhari)

عَنْ أَبِي ذَرٍّ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ إِنَّ أَحْسَنَ مَا غَيَّرْتُمْ بِهِ الشَّيْبَ الْحِنَّاءُ وَالْكَتَمُ
Meaning : From Abu Dzar, he said Rasulullah SAW said: “ The best thing you can use to change the grey hair is henna and katam.” (HR Nasi’e)

The above hadis clearly stated it is haram for men to be like women and women to be like men. Thus the usage of henna is forbidden for men except for certain usage.

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